The orbit is the bony socket in the skull that contains and houses the eye and all the associated structures that support the function of the eye, including muscles, nerves and blood vessels. The eye and these other structures are surrounded by fat which acts as cushion to protect the eye as we run around or if we inadvertently get hit in the eye.
What Causes Orbital Problems?
There are various problems that can affect the orbit and its contents, including tumors, infections, trauma (orbital fracture), congenital, and inflammatory conditions (Graves or thyroid eye disease).
Symptoms of Orbital Problems
Whenever orbital problems arise, patients generally tend to experience a wide variety of symptoms and varied pain levels including double vision, loss of vision, swelling, and bruising. Evaluation with a trained specialist is important to appropriately evaluate and treat the underlying problem at hand, which could be a number of medical issues including tumors, infection, orbital fractures, sports injuries, or a more serious inflammatory disease.
Prevention and Treatment
Though some orbital problems such as tumors and diseases cannot be prevented, it’s important to take the proper precautions to protect your eyes in order to prevent unnecessary injury. To stop unwanted bacteria and infections from causing orbital problems, always wash your hands before touching your eyes or handling your eye wear, i.e. glasses or contacts. If you participate in sports or fitness activities, it’s always important to wear protective safety glasses or goggles to avoid orbital fractures from occurring due to strenuous or rough physical activity.
Depending on the severity of the orbital problem, treatment options vary from individual to individual. If you’re experiencing any of the problems listed above, it’s always best to contact an expert ocular plastic surgeon to learn more about what can be done to assist you.